Most modern phones hitting the market will be enabled to do this but the Nokia 6301 is one of the first that will switch between the Internet and cellular network automatically to make calls.
Once the Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA) subscription has been setup by your service provider I found the whole process very very simple. I wrote this guide for my employer Geko Direct, one of the largest business to business mobile phone providers. Therefore this article is now property of Geko Direct and may not be reproduced without express permission.
To use VoWi-Fi you must ensure that your ISP allows VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol). As it stands most UK ISP’s have VoIP enabled but it is worth just checking with them first. I tested VoWi-Fi using the cloud network, BT HomeHub v2.0, Belkin USB dongle and a standard Belkin router using the following wireless protocols: 802.11 b, 802.11 b/g and 802.11 b/g/n.
The VoWi-Fi service allows a seamless hand off of mobile voice and data from the mobile phone network to a WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network). When your phone is connected to a WLAN access point it will make all outbound calls using the Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). If you move out of range of the WLAN it will automatically attempt to connect your phone to another access point belonging to the same network. However if the WLAN connection is lost, your phone will connect to the mobile phone network automatically.
If you try to make an emergency call (112, 999, 911 etc) the phone will try to connect to the normal mobile phone network. However if there is no cellular network available the phone will switch to VoWi-Fi. This is due to the established and reliable nature of the cellular network.
Data Transfer/Bandwidth Information:
On average a VoIP call will use up around 90KB of bandwidth or data transfer per second using the default settings. Therefore a two minute call will use approximately 10.5MB of data transfer/bandwidth. If a customer has a data transfer/bandwidth limit of 4GB per month they can make around 390 two minute calls per month.
BT’s option 1 has a monthly data transfer/bandwidth allowance of 10GB which equates to 975 two minute calls per month. This does not include browsing, downloading or any other internet usage and making these calls will use up all of the customer’s allowance.
Currently all of the main ISP’s BT, Virgin, Talk Talk, AOL and Tiscali support VoIP calls also the majority of modern wireless routers allow VoIP calls.
On some older routers/modems it is worth checking if the VoIP facility needs to be enabled on the customers router, this should be fairly simple if they consult the router handbook or the help guide in the router menu.
It might be a good idea to get the customer to check their ISP’s terms and conditions relating to VoIP calls, as some of the smaller ISP’s throttle users bandwidth at peak times which could affect the quality of the calls.
If the customer can answer yes to all the above questions then they are ready to set up the VoWi-Fi service on their phone.
Setting up VoWi-Fi at Orange:
Before you can start using the VoWi-Fi service from the handset it needs to be enabled by calling 345 from the compatible handset. It can also be enabled when you connect the phone to Orange. If you are advising a customer to do it or they have given third party access to do this then you will need to do the following:
You need to ask orange for an Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA) subscription. They will check the compatibility of the handset and provide you with a 4 digit PIN. They then send a SIM update to the handset which will include the extra settings required to start the service. Please note for Nokia 6301′s if the software version is v 04.62 or higher then there will be no further settings added to the handset. You can check the software version by typing *#0000# from the handset.
When the message arrives click ‘ok’ to accept it and enter the 4 digit PIN and click ‘ok’. Once the settings are installed delete the SIM update message and reset the phone by powering down for 10 seconds then power it back up.
Getting VoWi-Fi enabled on the Nokia 6301:
To setup VoWi-Fi on the Nokia 6301 handset you will need to navigate to the connectivity menu: Menu > Settings > Connectivity > Wi-Fi > Wi-Fi radio. You will be presented with the following options:
- Wi-Fi preferred – The phone will connect to the WLAN network if available otherwise it will connect to the normal cellular network.
- Wi-Fi only – The phone will only connect to the WLAN network.
- Wi-Fi off – The phone will only connect to the cellular network.
An icon will appear in the top right hand section of the screen to indicate that the Wi-Fi function is enabled and active.
To play a tone when the phone registers and deregisters on the WLAN, and when a voice call is handed over to and from another calling network, select Menu > Settings > Connectivity > Wi-Fi > Handover tone > On.
Connecting to a Wi-Fi network:
Please Note: You can download the user’s manual for the Nokia 6301 from http://nds1.nokia.com/phones/files/guides/Nokia_6301_UG_en.pdf
Quick connection - Connect in a convenient way to any available unsecure/ non key requiring Wi-Fi network with the best signal strength. Connections are attempted in the order of signal strength only to networks that have not been saved.
Please note. Most Wi-Fi networks are now encrypted and require a passkey or WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) key, so do not be surprised if the handset cannot find any connections using the quick connect option.
Select Menu > Settings > Connectivity > Wi-Fi > Quick Connect then follow the instructions on the display.
Find, save, and connect to networks – Display a list of locally available networks, connect to or save a network, or search for a hidden network.
Display available networks - Select Menu > Settings > Connectivity > Wi-Fi > Available networks. This will then display a list of Wi-Fi networks that are available in your area. To update the list, select Options > Refresh.
To see the encryption type and other details of a network scroll to a network and select Options > Details.
Locate a hidden network - A hidden network can only be found by searching for its service set identifier (SSID). Select Options > Hidden networks, enter the SSID of the network, and select OK. When you save the hidden network, it will appear in the list of available networks without searching again.
Connect to a network - Scroll to an available network, and select Connect. A successful connection to an UMA (Unlicensed Mobile Access) network is indicated by a green round icon at the top right of the screen.
If you attempt to connect without a valid UMA subscription, the message Contact your service provider is displayed.
Save a network - When you connect to a network, you are asked to save it. To save a network, scroll to the network in the list of available networks, and select Options > Save. Saved networks
Display, manage, connect to, and prioritize your saved networks - Select Menu > Settings > Connectivity > Wi-Fi > Saved networks. The networks are listed in order of priority. The network with the highest priority is the first one, to which an automatic connection attempt is made. To connect manually, scroll to a network and select Connect.
Manage saved networks Settings - Scroll to a network, and select Options and from the following:
- Conn. settings - to set automatic or manual connection to the network when it becomes available
- Rename - to rename the network.
- Forward settings - To forward the settings of the saved network. Enter a security code (preset code 12345), and the phone number, and select Send.
- Edit settings - to set the access data of a network.
- Delete - to delete the selected network.
- Add new network - to add a new network and set its access data manually.
Wi-Fi Call Settings – Select Menu > Settings > Connectivity > Wi-Fi > Wi-Fi call settings and from the following options:
- Configuration - to select an UMA configuration.
- Account - to select which UMA account to use.
If the customer has BT Broadband and is using any version of the HomeHub then they will need to enter the WEP Key. This can be found on the back of the HomeHub printed on the service label. You can also obtain this code by contacting BT.
Most Routers that supports WEP encryption will either have the key codes printed on the service labels or will be given to the user during the setup of the router along with the username and password’s for router access.
Free Wi-Fi Hotspot locations:
There are many public Wi-Fi hotspots available for free all around the country to find these you can use the following website: http://www.myhotspots.co.uk/ and entering a postcode or town to get the locations of the hotspots.
99% of Wetherspoon pubs, hotels and restaurants provide a Wi-Fi service some are connected through the cloud network. You will get 30 minutes of access free then charged at The Cloud’s usual rates after this time has expired.
There are many other social locations that provide free Wi-Fi access some of which listed below:
- Cafe Néro
- Spirit Group Pub’s
- Coffee Republic
- Most Orchid Public Houses and Restaurants
- Many Spirit Group Public Houses, Hotels and Restaurants
Please Note: All of the above will support the VoWi-Fi function.
Other hotspot locations:
Please note: Some of these Wi-Fi providers require a subscription fee before allowing access.
The Cloud: http://www.thecloud.net/About-us/ A large subscription based Wi-Fi Provider with over 6000 access points across the UK.
BT Openzone: http://btopenzone.hotspot-directory.com/ This service is free to people who use BT Broadband option 3 service but a subscription can be bought from £5 per month.
Orange Partner Wi-Fi Locations: http://orange.hotspot-directory.com/ This directory lists the networks and locations that Orange have partnered with. Some are free and others are subscription based.
Bt Fon: http://www.btfon.com/ Is a free opt in service for BT users and will give them access to over 100,000 Wi-Fi locations across the UK. Unlike The Cloud network, users connect to BT customer’s HomeHubs. Giving most of the Midlands a very good coverage wherever you are as BT is the main ISP in this area.
Please Note: All of the above will support the VoWi-Fi function.
Links to various sites mentioned in this blog.
BT Fon: http://www.btfon.com/
Orange Partner Wi-Fi locations: http://orange.hotspot-directory.com/
The Cloud Network: http://www.thecloud.net/About-us/
BT Openzone: http://btopenzone.hotspot-directory.com/
My Hotspots: http://orange.hotspot-directory.com/
Geko Direct: http://www.gekodirect.co.uk/
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